U.S. Department of Justice, Office Of Justice Programs, Innovation - Partnerships - Safer Neighborhoods
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), Serving Children, Families, and Communities
OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book logo jump over products navigation bar
OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book logoAbout SSBFrequently Asked QuestionsPublicationsData Analysis ToolsNational Data SetsOther ResourcesAsk a Question

Juvenile Population Characteristics
Juveniles as Victims
Juveniles as Offenders
Juvenile Justice System Structure & Process
Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Juveniles in Court
Juveniles on Probation
Juveniles in Corrections
Overview
Related FAQs
Related Publications
Related Links
Data Analysis Tools
Juvenile Reentry & Aftercare
Special Topics
Data Snapshot
Statistical Briefing Book Home

OJJDP logo

Printer-priendlyPrinter-friendly
Juveniles in Corrections
Facility Characteristics
Q: How many juvenile residential facilities operate at or above capacity?
A: Fewer than 1 in 4 (21%) facilities reported operating at or over capacity in 2016.

Facility capacity by facility operation, facility size, and facility operation, 2016

Total
facilities
Under
capacity
At
capacity
Over
capacity
Percent of
youth1 in over
capacity facilities
Total 1,772 78% 18% 3% 4%

Facility operation
Public 978 84% 13% 3% 4%
  State 365 76% 20% 4% 5%
  Local 613 89% 9% 2% 3%
Private 794 72% 24% 4% 5%

Facility size
1 to 10 residents 598 76% 20% 4% 4%
11 to 20 residents 389 78% 20% 2% 2%
21 to 50 residents 495 80% 16% 4% 4%
51 to 100 residents 209 79% 15% 5% 5%
101 to 200 residents 65 77% 15% 8% 8%
201+ residents 16 94% 6% 0% 0%

Facility type2
Detention center 662 84% 13% 3% 5%
Long-term secure 189 78% 21% 2% 2%
Reception/diagnostic center 58 72% 24% 3% 5%
Group home 344 72% 23% 5% 7%
Residential treatment center 678 75% 21% 4% 4%
Ranch/wilderness camp 30 87% 10% 3% 1%
Shelter 131 77% 21% 2% 3%

Notes: Facilities reported both the number of standard beds and the number of makeshift beds they had on the census date. Crowding occurs when the number of residents occupying all or part of a facility exceeds some predetermined limit based on square footage, utility use, or even fire codes and when the use of makeshift beds is subsequently required.

1 Only includes youth charged with or adjudicated for law violations.

2 Facility type counts sum to more than the total number of facilities because facilities could select more than one facility type.

[ CSV file ]

  • In 2016, 4% of youth in residential placement were held in facilities that were operating above capacity.
  • Private facilities (28%) were more likely than public facilities (16%) to report operating either at or over capacity.
  • Facilities holding between 101 and 200 residents (8%) were the most likely to report operating above capacity in 2016.
  • Group homes (28%) and reception/diagnostic centers (27%) accounted for the largest proportions of facilities to report operating at or above capacity in 2016.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08522.asp?qaDate=2016. Released on March 27, 2018.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Authors' analysis of Juvenile Residential Facility Census 2016 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

USA.gov | Privacy | Policies & Disclaimers | FOIA | Site Map | Ask a Question | OJJDP Home
A component of the Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice