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Juveniles in Corrections
Facility Practices and Services
Q: Mental Health: Are youth in residential placement evaluated for mental health needs?
A: Nearly all (99%) facilities reported evaluating youth for mental health needs in 2018.

Facilities evaluating youth for mental health needs, by facility operation and facility type, 2018

Total
facilities
Reporting
facilities
All
youth
Some
youth
None
Total 1,510 1,389 63% 36% 1%

Facility operation
Public 903 847 55% 44% 1%
  State 331 316 72% 27% 1%
  Local 572 531 45% 55% 1%
Private 607 542 77% 23% 1%

Facility type1
Detention center 625 578 47% 52% 1%
Long-term secure 164 162 83% 17% 0%
Reception/diagnostic center 37 35 83% 17% 0%
Group home 240 217 54% 45% 1%
Residential treatment center 553 511 81% 19% 0%
Ranch/wilderness camp 27 21 71% 29% 0%
Shelter 116 107 50% 50% 0%

Notes: Counts include evaluations conducted either on or offsite the facility location.

Percent based on number of reporting facilities.

1 Facility type counts sum to more than the total number of facilities because facilities could select more than one facility type.


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  • Six in ten (63%) reporting facilities evaluated all youth for mental health needs in 2018.
  • Private facilities (77%) were more likely than public facilities (55%) to evaluate all youth, while state facilities (72%) were more likely than local facilities (45%) to evaluate all youth.
  • Long-term secure and reception/diagnostic facilities were the most likely (83% each) to evaluate all youth in 2018. Group homes (54%), shelters (50%), and detention centers (47%) were the least likely to evaluate all youth, but were among the most likely to evaluate some youth (45% for group homes, 50% for shelters, and 52% for detention centers).

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08540.asp?qaDate=2018. Released on May 15, 2020.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Authors' analysis of Juvenile Residential Facility Census 2018 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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