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Juveniles in Corrections
Facility Practices and Services
Q: Mental Health: When are youth in residential placement facilities evaluated for mental health needs?
A: More than 7 in 10 (75%) facilities reported evaluating youth for mental health needs within one week of admission in 2016.

Timing of mental health needs evaluation, by facility operation and facility type, 2016

Total
facilities
Reporting
facilities
Within
24 hours
Between 24
hours and
1 week
More than
1 week
Other Not
evaluated
Total 1,772 1,481 38% 37% 7% 17% 1%

Facility operation
Public 978 845 40% 35% 4% 20% 1%
  State 365 316 53% 29% 7% 9% 1%
  Local 613 529 32% 38% 2% 26% 1%
Private 794 636 36% 40% 10% 13% 1%

Facility type1
Detention center 662 557 40% 38% 1% 21% 1%
Long-term secure 189 177 66% 21% 2% 10% 1%
Reception/diagnostic center 58 45 56% 27% 4% 13% 0%
Group home 344 276 23% 38% 15% 23% 1%
Residential treatment center 678 586 44% 39% 9% 8% 1%
Ranch/wilderness camp 30 25 40% 20% 16% 20% 4%
Shelter 131 110 14% 38% 7% 39% 2%

Notes: Counts include evaluations conducted either on or offsite the facility location.
Respondents are allowed to select more than one time period in which they evaluate youth. From these responses, a hierarchy is imposed to reflect the earliest time period that the facility reported. For example, a facility that selected 'within 24 hours' as well as 'between 24 hours and 1 week' will appear as a facility that evaluated 'within 24 hours'.

Percent based on number of reporting facilities.

1 Facility type counts sum to more than the total number of facilities because facilities could select more than one facility type.


[ CSV file ]

  • Public facilities (40%) were more likely than private facilities (36%) to evaluate youth for mental health needs within 24 hours of admission in 2016. State facilities were the most likely to evaluate youth for mental health needs within 24 hours of a youth's admission in 2016.
  • At least half of reception/diagnostic centers (56%), and long-term secure facilities (66%) evaluated youth within 24 hours of admission. All other facilities types were more likely to evaluate youth within one week.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08541.asp?qaDate=2016. Released on March 27, 2018.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Authors' analysis of Juvenile Residential Facility Census 2016 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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