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Juveniles in Corrections
Facility Practices and Services
Q: Mental Health: When are youth in residential placement facilities evaluated for mental health needs?
A: Three-quarters (76%) of facilities reported evaluating youth for mental health needs within one week of admission in 2018.

Timing of mental health needs evaluation, by facility operation and facility type, 2018

Total
facilities
Reporting
facilities
Within
24 hours
Between 24
hours and
1 week
More than
1 week
Other Not
evaluated
Total 1,510 1,388 35% 41% 6% 17% 1%

Facility operation
Public 903 846 37% 38% 4% 20% 1%
  State 331 317 44% 35% 7% 12% 1%
  Local 572 529 32% 40% 2% 25% 1%
Private 607 542 33% 45% 10% 12% 1%

Facility type1
Detention center 625 577 35% 40% 2% 22% 1%
Long-term secure 164 163 55% 35% 2% 8% 0%
Reception/diagnostic center 37 35 51% 37% 9% 3% 0%
Group home 240 217 24% 34% 15% 26% 1%
Residential treatment center 553 511 41% 43% 9% 8% 0%
Ranch/wilderness camp 27 21 33% 48% 5% 14% 0%
Shelter 116 107 18% 44% 7% 32% 0%

Notes: Counts include evaluations conducted either on or offsite the facility location.
Respondents are allowed to select more than one time period in which they evaluate youth. From these responses, a hierarchy is imposed to reflect the earliest time period that the facility reported. For example, a facility that selected 'within 24 hours' as well as 'between 24 hours and 1 week' will appear as a facility that evaluated 'within 24 hours'.

Percent based on number of reporting facilities.

1 Facility type counts sum to more than the total number of facilities because facilities could select more than one facility type.


[ CSV file ]

  • Public facilities (37%) were more likely than private facilities (33%) to evaluate youth for mental health needs within 24 hours of admission in 2018. State facilities were the most likely to evaluate youth for mental health needs within 24 hours of a youth's admission in 2018.
  • At least half of reception/diagnostic centers (51%), and long-term secure facilities (55%) evaluated youth within 24 hours of admission. All other facilities types were more likely to evaluate youth within one week.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08541.asp?qaDate=2018. Released on May 15, 2020.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Authors' analysis of Juvenile Residential Facility Census 2018 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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