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Juveniles in Corrections
Facility Practices and Services
Q: Suicide Risk: Are youth in residential placement evaluated for suicide risk?
A: More than 9 in 10 (97%) of all reporting facilities evaluated youth for suicide risk in 2020.

Facilities evaluating youth for suicide risk, by facility operation and facility type, 2020

Total 1,323 1,274 96% 1% 4%

Facility operation
Public 838 818 98% 0% 1%
  State 317 311 99% 0% 1%
  Local 521 507 97% 1% 2%
Private 485 456 91% 1% 7%

Facility type1
Detention center 599 583 99% 0% 1%
Long-term secure 136 133 98% 0% 2%
Reception/diagnostic center 28 25 96% 0% 4%
Group home 219 211 87% 1% 12%
Residential treatment center 452 433 96% 1% 3%
Ranch/wilderness camp 22 22 91% 0% 9%
Shelter 82 81 94% 0% 6%

Notes: The term ‘youth’ refers to persons under age 21 who were in a facility because they were charged with or adjudicated for an offense.

Counts include evaluations conducted either on or offsite the facility location.

Percent based on number of reporting facilities.

1 Facility type counts sum to more than the total number of facilities because facilities could select more than one facility type.

The COVID-19 pandemic had significant effects on all stages of the juvenile justice system, including juvenile residential facilities, which may have impacted multiple aspects of the 2020 JRFC data, such as reporting, the number of youth in residential placement, and the services received.

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  • The majority of facilities (96%) reported evaluating all youth for suicide risk in 2020.
  • A larger proportion of public facilities (98%) than private facilities (91%) reported evaluating all youth for suicide risk. Nearly all locally (97%) and state-operated facilities (99%) reported evaluating all youth.
  • Nearly all detention centers (99%) and long-term secure facilities (98%) evaluated all youth for suicide risk.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08550.asp?qaDate=2020. Released on January 10, 2023.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Authors' analysis of Juvenile Residential Facility Census 2020 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.


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