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Juveniles in Corrections
Facility Practices and Services
Q: Suicide Risk: When are youth in residential placement facilities evaluated for suicide risk?
A: Nearly 9 in 10 (88%) facilities reported evaluating youth for suicide risk within 24 hours of admission in 2018.

When facilities evaluate youth for suicide risk, by facility operation and facility type, 2018

Total
facilities
Reporting
facilities
Within
24 hours
Between 24
hours and
1 week
More than
1 week
Other Not
evaluated
Total 1,510 1,437 88% 6% 0% 1% 4%

Facility operation
Public 903 883 94% 3% 0% 1% 3%
  State 331 325 93% 3% 0% 1% 3%
  Local 572 558 94% 3% 0% 1% 3%
Private 607 554 80% 12% 0% 1% 7%

Facility type1
Detention center 625 609 97% 2% 0% 0% 1%
Long-term secure 164 163 98% 2% 0% 1% 0%
Reception/diagnostic center 37 35 100% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Group home 240 221 72% 7% 0% 3% 18%
Residential treatment center 553 514 85% 11% 0% 1% 2%
Ranch/wilderness camp 27 24 75% 4% 0% 4% 17%
Shelter 116 115 83% 10% 0% 1% 7%

Notes: Counts include evaluations conducted either on or offsite the facility location.
Respondents are allowed to select more than one time period in which they evaluate youth. From these responses, a hierarchy is imposed to reflect the earliest time period that the facility reported. For example, a facility that selected 'within 24 hours' as well as 'between 24 hours and 1 week' will appear as a facility that evaluated 'within 24 hours'.

Percent based on number of reporting facilities.

1 Facility type counts sum to more than the total number of facilities because facilities could select more than one facility type.


[ CSV file ]

  • A larger proportion of public facilities (94%) than private facilities (80%) reported evaluating youth for suicide risk within 24 hours in 2018. The proportion of state (93%) and locally-operated (94%) facilities that reported evaluating youth for suicide risk was about the same in 2018.
  • All reception/diagnostic centers evaluated all youth for suicide risk within 24 hours of admission in 2018. Group homes accounted for the smallest proportion to do so (72%).

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08551.asp?qaDate=2018. Released on May 15, 2020.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Authors' analysis of Juvenile Residential Facility Census 2018 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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