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Juveniles in Corrections
Facility Practices and Services
Q: Suicide Risk: When are youth in residential placement facilities evaluated for suicide risk?
A: Nearly 9 in 10 (88%) facilities reported evaluating youth for suicide risk within 24 hours of admission in 2016.

When facilities evaluate youth for suicide risk, by facility operation and facility type, 2016

Total
facilities
Reporting
facilities
Within
24 hours
Between 24
hours and
1 week
More than
1 week
Other Not
evaluated
Total 1,772 1,568 88% 6% 0% 1% 5%

Facility operation
Public 978 899 95% 2% 0% 0% 3%
  State 365 323 97% 2% 0% 0% 1%
  Local 613 576 94% 1% 0% 0% 4%
Private 794 669 78% 12% 0% 2% 8%

Facility type1
Detention center 662 613 98% 1% 0% 0% 1%
Long-term secure 189 178 96% 1% 1% 0% 3%
Reception/diagnostic center 58 46 89% 2% 0% 0% 9%
Group home 344 289 70% 13% 0% 2% 15%
Residential treatment center 678 590 86% 9% 0% 1% 3%
Ranch/wilderness camp 30 28 75% 0% 0% 0% 25%
Shelter 131 124 86% 5% 0% 2% 7%

Notes: Counts include evaluations conducted either on or offsite the facility location.
Respondents are allowed to select more than one time period in which they evaluate youth. From these responses, a hierarchy is imposed to reflect the earliest time period that the facility reported. For example, a facility that selected 'within 24 hours' as well as 'between 24 hours and 1 week' will appear as a facility that evaluated 'within 24 hours'.

Percent based on number of reporting facilities.

1 Facility type counts sum to more than the total number of facilities because facilities could select more than one facility type.


[ CSV file ]

  • A larger proportion of public facilities (95%) than private facilities (78%) reported evaluating youth for suicide risk within 24 hours in 2016. State-operated facilities were slightly more likely than local facilities to evaluate all youth (97% vs. 94%)
  • Detention centers accounted for the largest proportion of facilities (98%) to evaluate youth for suicide risk within 24 hours of admission in 2016, while group homes accounted for the smallest proportion to do so (70%).

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08551.asp?qaDate=2016. Released on March 27, 2018.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Authors' analysis of Juvenile Residential Facility Census 2016 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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