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Juveniles in Corrections
Facility Practices and Services
Q: Substance Abuse: When are youth in residential placement facilities evaluated for substance abuse problems?
A: The majority (80%) of facilities reported evaluating youth for substance abuse problems within one week of admission in 2018.

When facilities evaluate youth for substance abuse problems, by facility operation and facility type, 2018

Total
facilities
Reporting
facilities
Within
24 hours
Between 24
hours and
1 week
More than
1 week
Other Not
evaluated
Total 1,510 1,436 60% 20% 3% 4% 13%

Facility operation
Public 903 883 64% 17% 2% 4% 13%
  State 331 325 66% 19% 4% 3% 8%
  Local 572 558 63% 15% 1% 4% 16%
Private 607 553 54% 27% 4% 4% 12%

Facility type1
Detention center 625 609 70% 11% 1% 3% 15%
Long-term secure 164 163 66% 21% 6% 2% 4%
Reception/diagnostic center 37 35 63% 20% 14% 0% 3%
Group home 240 221 49% 17% 7% 8% 19%
Residential treatment center 553 513 57% 30% 4% 4% 6%
Ranch/wilderness camp 27 24 21% 50% 4% 13% 13%
Shelter 116 115 57% 22% 1% 4% 16%

Notes: Respondents are allowed to select more than one time period in which they evaluate youth. From these responses, a hierarchy is imposed to reflect the earliest time period that the facility reported. For example, a facility that selected 'within 24 hours' as well as 'between 24 hours and 1 week' will appear as a facility that evaluated 'within 24 hours'.

Percent based on number of reporting facilities.

1 Facility type counts sum to more than the total number of facilities because facilities could select more than one facility type.


[ CSV file ]

  • Equal proportions of public and private (81% each) facilities reported evaluating youth for substance abuse problems within one week of admission in 2018, however a larger proportion of public (64%) facilities than private (54%) facilities reported evaluation youth within 24 hours.
  • Detention centers were the largest proportion (70%) of facilities to report evaluating youth for substance abuse problems within 24 hours of admission in 2018.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08561.asp?qaDate=2018. Released on May 15, 2020.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Authors' analysis of Juvenile Residential Facility Census 2018 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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