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Juveniles in Corrections
State Comparisons
Q: How do residential placement rates vary by State?
A: There was a broad range of State residential placement rates in 2017 - from 27 to 302 per 100,000 juveniles.

Juvenile residential placement rates by State, 2017

State of offense Number Total Detained Committed
U.S. total 43,580 138 49 85
Alabama 804 161 62 77
Alaska 207 263 95 164
Arizona 531 71 39 28
Arkansas 585 183 65 116
California 5,463 134 65 67
Colorado 993 172 62 110
Connecticut 99 27 13 14
Delaware 129 139 48 90
District of Columbia 93 215 145 69
Florida 2,712 142 48 92
Georgia 1,068 106 54 51
Hawaii 60 47 28 19
Idaho 408 200 43 157
Illinois 1,071 80 41 38
Indiana 1,335 185 74 102
Iowa 585 177 59 115
Kansas 423 132 66 65
Kentucky 555 122 35 76
Louisiana 762 178 62 114
Maine 93 78 25 53
Maryland 549 90 56 35
Massachusetts 309 48 21 26
Michigan 1,260 143 35 107
Minnesota 675 116 38 68
Mississippi 273 83 48 34
Missouri 780 143 32 109
Montana 183 179 91 79
Nebraska 486 231 71 154
Nevada 588 191 79 110
New Hampshire 69 55 10 43
New Jersey 585 64 26 38
New Mexico 318 142 63 78
New York 870 63 13 50
North Carolina 366 46 16 30
North Dakota 108 149 33 112
Ohio 2,079 174 74 99
Oklahoma 426 100 54 44
Oregon 909 230 40 185
Pennsylvania 1,791 146 40 104
Rhode Island 123 127 34 87
South Carolina 546 125 29 94
South Dakota 150 162 84 78
Tennessee 537 78 44 33
Texas 3,963 138 54 79
Utah 222 54 15 39
Vermont 18 33 *11 22
Virginia 1,062 126 66 57
Washington 834 115 31 80
West Virginia 474 280 71 207
Wisconsin 630 122 31 90
Wyoming 183 302 69 233

* Rate based on fewer than 10 observations.
Interpret data with caution. In these states, 30% or more of the information for placement status was imputed. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information about imputation.

Notes: This information is based on the state where the offense was committed. However, the state of offense is not always reported. Youth for whom state of offense was unknown are included in U.S. totals (4,242 in 2017). These instances are not evenly distributed across states. As such, users should exercise caution when examining state-level trends or comparing states. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information.

U.S. total excludes youth in tribal facilities.

The residential placement rate is the number of juvenile offenders in residential placement per 100,000 juveniles age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction in each state.

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Rates and percentages presented are also based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

[ Graph version ]  [ CSV file ]

  • Nationwide in 2017, there were 138 juvenile offenders held in juvenile facilities per 100,000 juveniles in the population.
  • Nationally the commitment rate (85) exceeded the detention rate (49). This pattern was replicated among states: commitment rates were higher than the detention rates in 37 states in 2017.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08601.asp?qaDate=2017. Released on October 31, 2019.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2017 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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