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Juveniles in Corrections
State Comparisons
Q: How do residential placement rates vary by State?
A: There was a broad range of State residential placement rates in 2019 - from 20 to 330 per 100,000 juveniles.

Juvenile residential placement rates by State, 2019

State of offense Number Total Detained Committed
U.S. total 36,479 114 45 66
Alabama 798 161 62 90
Alaska 255 330 85 241
Arizona 606 80 42 36
Arkansas 465 146 45 101
California 4,131 102 50 51
Colorado 753 130 44 85
Connecticut 96 27 17 9
Delaware 129 139 71 68
District of Columbia 117 262 195 67
Florida 2,001 104 28 66
Georgia 1,119 110 60 50
Hawaii 63 49 23 23
Idaho 342 164 37 109
Illinois 834 64 39 24
Indiana 1,155 161 46 109
Iowa 441 133 48 75
Kansas 360 113 58 55
Kentucky 588 130 52 73
Louisiana 693 143 54 88
Maine 60 51 *0 28
Maryland 495 82 48 33
Massachusetts 288 46 20 22
Michigan 1,353 157 43 110
Minnesota 948 161 82 67
Mississippi 198 61 26 30
Missouri 588 108 27 81
Montana 138 133 43 58
Nebraska 309 145 58 85
Nevada 546 174 56 108
New Hampshire 24 20 *5 10
New Jersey 513 58 24 33
New Mexico 270 122 68 53
New York 837 54 20 33
North Carolina 744 93 17 74
North Dakota 78 104 16 84
Ohio 1,746 148 63 83
Oklahoma 345 80 59 20
Oregon 651 164 14 147
Pennsylvania 1,566 129 29 99
Rhode Island 108 114 22 76
South Carolina 633 141 67 71
South Dakota 171 180 101 76
Tennessee 345 50 38 12
Texas 3,699 126 59 67
Utah 246 58 17 39
Vermont 18 33 *6 *11
Virginia 918 109 56 52
Washington 693 94 28 63
West Virginia 483 291 115 170
Wisconsin 477 93 25 61
Wyoming 147 239 34 205

* Rate based on fewer than 10 observations.
Interpret data with caution. In these states, 30% or more of the information for placement status was imputed. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information about imputation.

Notes: This information is based on the state where the offense was committed. However, the state of offense is not always reported. Youth for whom state of offense was unknown are included in U.S. totals (1,895 in 2019). These instances are not evenly distributed across states. As such, users should exercise caution when examining state-level trends or comparing states. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information.

U.S. total includes a small number of offenders (4) who committed their offense in a U.S. Territory but excludes youth in tribal facilities.

The residential placement rate is the number of juvenile offenders in residential placement per 100,000 juveniles age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction in each state.

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Rates are based on rounded state counts. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

[ Graph version ]  [ CSV file ]

  • Nationwide in 2019, there were 114 juvenile offenders held in juvenile facilities per 100,000 juveniles in the population.
  • Nationally the commitment rate (66) exceeded the detention rate (45). This pattern was replicated among states. Commitment rates were higher than detention rates in 33 states in 2019.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08601.asp?qaDate=2019. Released on May 21, 2021.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2019 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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