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Juveniles in Corrections
State Comparisons
Q: What factors influence State residential placement rates?
A: State placement rates are impacted by offense type and facility operation.

State residential placement rates by offense and facility operation, 2017

State of offense Upper age of
Juvenile Court
Jurisdiction
Number
of
offenders
Placement
rate
Delinquency
rate
Public
facility
Delinquency
rate
Private
facility
Status
rate
Public
facility
Status
rate
Private
facility
U.S. total 43,580 138 96 36 1 4
Alabama 17 804 161 96 *1 55 8
Alaska 17 207 263 221 *0 38 *0
Arizona 17 531 71 69 *0 2 *0
Arkansas 17 585 183 †158 †8 †14 †*3
California 17 5,463 134 119 2 13 *0
Colorado 17 993 172 †157 †*2 14 *0
Connecticut 17 99 27 27 *0 *0 *0
Delaware 17 129 139 116 *3 19 *0
District of Columbia 17 93 215 201 *0 †*14 †*0
Florida 17 2,712 142 †61 †1 80 *0
Georgia 16 1,068 106 98 *0 8 *0
Hawaii 17 60 47 44 *0 *0 *0
Idaho 17 408 200 180 6 15 *1
Illinois 17 1,071 80 76 *0 4 *0
Indiana 17 1,335 185 118 2 57 9
Iowa 17 585 177 97 *0 77 *3
Kansas 17 423 132 119 *1 †12 †*0
Kentucky 17 555 122 91 *1 †14 †15
Louisiana 16 762 178 124 5 44 6
Maine 17 93 78 75 *3 *0 *0
Maryland 17 549 90 72 *0 17 *1
Massachusetts 17 309 48 29 *1 18 *0
Michigan 16 1,260 143 83 7 49 4
Minnesota 17 675 116 76 2 35 2
Mississippi 17 273 83 †81 †*2 *0 *0
Missouri 16 780 143 123 10 7 *2
Montana 17 183 179 135 *0 41 *3
Nebraska 17 486 231 †126 †*1 59 46
Nevada 17 588 191 184 *0 †6 †*0
New Hampshire 17 69 55 38 *0 14 *2
New Jersey 17 585 64 64 *0 *0 *0
New Mexico 17 318 142 134 *1 7 *0
New York 15 870 63 29 1 27 7
North Carolina 15 366 46 45 *1 *0 *0
North Dakota 17 108 149 95 *8 29 17
Ohio 17 2,079 174 158 2 13 1
Oklahoma 17 426 100 89 *1 11 *0
Oregon 17 909 230 180 *1 49 *1
Pennsylvania 17 1,791 146 61 *0 72 13
Rhode Island 17 123 127 65 *0 59 *0
South Carolina 16 546 125 †91 †*2 †29 †*2
South Dakota 17 150 162 94 *0 †61 †*6
Tennessee 17 537 78 †55 †2 †17 †5
Texas 16 3,963 138 123 *0 14 *0
Utah 17 222 54 46 *1 7 *0
Vermont 17 18 33 27 *0 *5 *0
Virginia 17 1,062 126 123 2 *1 *0
Washington 17 834 115 107 *1 6 *0
West Virginia 17 474 280 129 7 92 50
Wisconsin 16 630 122 89 *1 30 *1
Wyoming 17 183 302 233 20 †40 †*10

* Rate based on fewer than 10 observations.
† Interpret data with caution. In these states, 30% or more of the information for offense was imputed. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information about imputation.

Notes: The information in this table is based on the state where the offense was committed. However, the state of offense is not always reported. Youth for whom state of offense was unknown are included in U.S. totals (4,242 in 2017). These instances are not evenly distributed across states. As such, users should exercise caution when examining state-level trends or comparing states. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information.

U.S. total excludes youth in tribal facilities.

The residential placement rate is the number of juvenile offenders in residential placement per 100,000 juveniles age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction in each state.

To protect the confidentiality of juvenile residents all published data from the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) are rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Each state cell is rounded independently, without consideration as to row or column totals. As a result, in many tables, the internal cells do not add to the marginal totals. Rates and percentages presented from CJRP are also based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

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  • Whereas most delinquents are in public facilities, most status offenders are in private facilities. State residential placement rates based only on delinquents in public facilities are very different from rates that include status offenders and offenders in private facilities. Of course, several factors influence variations in State placement rates. Differences in States’ upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction, extended age of jurisdiction (i.e., how long the juvenile justice system has jurisdiction over youth for dispositional purposes), and provisions for transfer to criminal court; jurisdictions’ demographic composition; offenders’ offense profiles; and bedspace availability in custodial facilities effect placement rates. Thus, State placement rate comparisons should be interpreted with caution.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08602.asp?qaDate=2017. Released on October 31, 2019.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2017 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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