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Juveniles in Corrections
State Comparisons
Q: Does the number of juvenile residential placement facilities vary by State?
A: The number of facilities varies considerably by State, ranging from 2 to 150 on October 26, 2016.

Number of juvenile facilities and juvenile offenders by state, 2016

State of facility Total
facilities
Public
facilities
Private
facilities
Total
offenders
Offenders in
public facilities
Offenders in
private facilities
United States 1,772 978 794 45,567 32,301 13,266
Alabama 39 14 25 894 457 437
Alaska 18 7 11 217 167 50
Arizona 18 14 4 661 514 147
Arkansas 31 17 14 673 491 182
California 150 92 58 6,006 5,225 781
Colorado 31 16 15 1,001 826 175
Connecticut 5 * * 99 * *
Delaware 8 * * 180 * *
District of Columbia 6 2 4 156 132 24
Florida 82 27 55 3,078 1,130 1,948
Georgia 39 27 12 1,584 1,469 115
Hawaii 3 * * 37 * *
Idaho 19 13 6 476 395 81
Illinois 33 24 9 1,154 1,048 106
Indiana 64 31 33 1,446 865 581
Iowa 44 10 34 867 252 615
Kansas 19 12 7 407 349 58
Kentucky 36 27 9 598 432 166
Louisiana 30 16 14 783 579 204
Maine 2 * * 69 * *
Maryland 29 13 16 603 426 177
Massachusetts 51 22 29 507 219 288
Michigan 48 27 21 1,676 832 844
Minnesota 44 19 25 756 522 234
Mississippi 16 * * 242 * *
Missouri 56 50 6 874 844 30
Montana 15 5 10 139 97 42
Nebraska 10 5 5 426 247 179
Nevada 18 13 5 529 511 18
New Hampshire 4 * * 96 * *
New Jersey 23 * * 555 * *
New Mexico 17 14 3 387 343 44
New York 85 20 65 1,182 457 725
North Carolina 28 23 5 473 399 74
North Dakota 8 3 5 104 62 42
Ohio 70 59 11 2,105 1,981 124
Oklahoma 35 18 17 563 391 172
Oregon 43 29 14 965 791 174
Pennsylvania 106 22 84 2,753 678 2,075
Rhode Island 14 1 13 213 90 123
South Carolina 22 9 13 657 396 261
South Dakota 17 9 8 189 81 108
Tennessee 26 17 9 641 459 182
Texas 92 72 20 4,430 3,802 628
Utah 34 18 16 537 333 204
Vermont 2 * * 15 * *
Virginia 41 * * 1,070 * *
Washington 32 * * 871 * *
West Virginia 42 10 32 674 242 432
Wisconsin 51 23 28 720 512 208
Wyoming 16 4 12 229 128 101

Note: Detail may not add to total because of rounding.
*Detail is not displayed in states with 1 or 2 private facilities to preserve the privacy of individual facilities.

[ CSV file ]

  • Private facilities are operated by private non-profit or for-profit corporations or organizations in which the employees working daily in the facilities and directly with the residents are employees of that private corporation or organization.
  • State or local government agencies operate public facilities - the employees working daily in the facilities and directly with the residents are State or local government employees.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08604.asp?qaDate=2016. Released on March 27, 2018.

Adapted from Hockenberry, S., Sickmund, M., and Sladky, A. (Forthcoming). Juvenile Residential Facility Census, 2014: Selected Findings.

Data Source: Authors' analysis of the Juvenile Residential Facility Census 2014 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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