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Juveniles in Corrections
State Comparisons
Q: Does the number of juvenile residential placement facilities vary by State?
A: The number of facilities varies considerably by State, ranging from 1 to 104 on October 24, 2018.

Number of juvenile facilities and juvenile offenders by state, 2018

State of facility Total
facilities
Public
facilities
Private
facilities
Total
offenders
Offenders in
public facilities
Offenders in
private facilities
United States 1,510 903 607 37,529 27,469 10,060
Alabama 38 13 25 915 477 438
Alaska 18 8 10 243 207 33
Arizona 17 11 6 786 525 261
Arkansas 24 15 9 459 360 99
California 104 76 28 4,239 3,726 510
Colorado 21 13 8 837 744 90
Connecticut 3 * * 81 * *
Delaware 8 * * 105 * *
District of Columbia 5 * * 87 * *
Florida 62 23 39 2,301 1,011 1,293
Georgia 30 27 3 1,317 1,236 78
Hawaii 3 * * 39 * *
Idaho 17 14 3 438 360 78
Illinois 28 23 5 912 828 84
Indiana 62 31 31 1,329 756 573
Iowa 33 10 23 627 231 396
Kansas 20 12 8 402 315 87
Kentucky 29 22 7 453 423 30
Louisiana 30 15 15 711 486 225
Maine 1 * * 48 * *
Maryland 24 12 12 510 414 99
Massachusetts 36 22 14 288 177 111
Michigan 46 28 18 1,473 762 711
Minnesota 39 18 21 531 357 174
Mississippi 16 * * 204 * *
Missouri 50 45 5 798 744 54
Montana 13 4 9 117 81 36
Nebraska 11 5 6 435 246 186
Nevada 11 * * 540 * *
New Hampshire 3 * * 42 * *
New Jersey 24 * * 507 * *
New Mexico 16 * * 288 * *
New York 75 20 55 891 390 501
North Carolina 27 20 7 474 387 87
North Dakota 7 * * 90 * *
Ohio 67 60 7 1,815 1,725 90
Oklahoma 25 14 11 441 336 102
Oregon 33 21 12 696 540 159
Pennsylvania 94 22 72 2,307 696 1,611
Rhode Island 9 1 8 138 66 72
South Carolina 17 7 10 501 363 138
South Dakota 14 7 7 150 102 48
Tennessee 20 11 9 423 231 192
Texas 86 71 15 4,194 3,654 540
Utah 25 14 11 351 228 123
Vermont 2 * * 15 * *
Virginia 38 * * 951 * *
Washington 31 * * 690 * *
West Virginia 46 10 36 576 213 363
Wisconsin 40 21 19 588 429 159
Wyoming 12 6 6 183 144 36

Note: *To protect the identity of specific facilities, some data are suppressed. Specifically, if the total number of facilities is greater than 0 and less than 5, no detail data will be displayed. In addition, if the total number of private facilities in a given year is 1 or 2, no detailed data will be displayed.

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three.

[ CSV file ]

  • Private facilities are operated by private non-profit or for-profit corporations or organizations in which the employees working daily in the facilities and directly with the residents are employees of that private corporation or organization.
  • State or local government agencies operate public facilities - the employees working daily in the facilities and directly with the residents are State or local government employees.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08604.asp?qaDate=2018. Released on May 15, 2020.

Adapted from the Juvenile Residential Facility Census Databook. Available on-line at: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/jrfcdb/.

Data Source: Authors' analysis of the Juvenile Residential Facility Census 2018 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

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