Statistical Briefing Book > Juveniles in Corrections Previous Page
State Comparisons
Q: How do commitment rates vary by race?
A: For every 100,000 non-Hispanic black juveniles living in the U.S., 226 were committed to a residential placement facility on October 25, 2017 - for Hispanics the rate was 71, and for non-Hispanic whites it was 55.

1American Indian includes Alaskan Natives; Asian includes Pacific Islanders.
* Rate based on fewer than 10 observations.
Interpret data with caution. In these states, 30% or more of the information for commitment and/or race/ethnicity was imputed. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information about imputation.

Notes: This information is based on the state where the offense was committed. However, the state of offense is not always reported. Committed youth for whom state of offense was unknown are included in U.S. totals (3,613 in 2017). These instances are not evenly distributed across states. As such, users should exercise caution when examining state-level trends or comparing states. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information.

U.S. total includes a small number of offenders (1) who committed their offense in a U.S. Territory, but excludes youth in tribal facilities.

Committed youth are those held in residential placement as part of a court-ordered disposition. The commitment rate is the number of juvenile offenders in residential placement on October 25, 2017 per 100,000 juveniles age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction in each state.

Minorities include blacks, Hispanics, American Indians/Alaskan Natives, Asians/Pacific Islanders, and those identified as other race.

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Rates are based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.
  • In all but 10 states, the commitment rate for black juvenile offenders exceeded the rate for other race/ethnicity groups.
  • Nationally, the ratio of the commitment rate for minorities to that for whites was 2.2 to 1.
  • In 34 states, the ratio between the minority-to-white commitment rate was above the national average. In 16 states, the minority-to-white commitment rate was more than 4 to 1.
  • In 9 states the ratio of commitment rates for minority and white youth was less than 2 to 1.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08612.asp?qaDate=2017. Released on October 31, 2019.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2017 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.