U.S. Department of Justice, Office Of Justice Programs, Innovation - Partnerships - Safer Neighborhoods
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), Serving Children, Families, and Communities
OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book logo jump over products navigation bar
OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book logoAbout SSBFrequently Asked QuestionsPublicationsData Analysis ToolsNational Data SetsOther ResourcesAsk a Question

Juvenile Population Characteristics
Juveniles as Victims
Juveniles as Offenders
Juvenile Justice System Structure & Process
Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Juveniles in Court
Juveniles on Probation
Juveniles in Corrections
Overview
Related FAQs
Related Publications
Related Links
Data Analysis Tools
Juvenile Reentry & Aftercare
Special Topics
Data Snapshot
Statistical Briefing Book Home

OJJDP logo

Printer-priendlyPrinter-friendly
Juveniles in Corrections
State Comparisons
Q: How do commitment rates vary by race?
A: For every 100,000 non-Hispanic black juveniles living in the U.S., 226 were committed to a residential placement facility on October 25, 2017 - for Hispanics the rate was 71, and for non-Hispanic whites it was 55.

State commitment rates by race/ethnicity, 2017

State of offense Total White Minority Black Hispanic American
Indian1
Asian1
U.S. total 85 55 121 226 71 149 11
Alabama 77 52 117 137 45 *0 *34
Alaska 163 89 256 484 *0 309 *115
Arizona 28 18 35 49 29 *24 *12
Arkansas 116 81 184 195 175 *0 *42
California 67 32 81 254 77 103 7
Colorado 110 69 169 448 137 *0 *13
Connecticut 14 *3 33 67 19 *0 *0
Delaware 91 25 165 268 *0 *0 *0
District of Columbia 69 *0 76 97 *0 *0 *0
Florida 92 60 118 263 30 *55 *0
Georgia 51 23 76 99 34 *0 *14
Hawaii 19 *0 20 *0 *15 *0 *11
Idaho 158 144 207 604 134 *353 *0
Illinois 38 17 63 152 15 *115 *4
Indiana 102 82 157 204 69 *168 *17
Iowa 115 65 330 678 122 *461 *32
Kansas 65 51 96 223 57 *0 *0
Kentucky 76 48 200 265 47 *0 *0
Louisiana 114 45 194 232 *13 *89 *0
Maine 53 49 *85 *154 *93 *0 *0
Maryland 35 15 52 70 26 *0 *0
Massachusetts 26 10 59 90 64 *0 *0
Michigan 106 70 192 257 50 *127 *9
Minnesota 68 35 157 255 60 423 *16
Mississippi 34 18 50 42 134 *140 *0
Missouri 109 85 183 241 68 *0 *22
Montana 79 61 159 *211 *53 197 *0
Nebraska 154 81 343 651 173 683 *0
Nevada 111 69 137 406 79 *201 *24
New Hampshire 43 30 137 *191 165 *890 *0
New Jersey 38 6 71 177 37 *0 *0
New Mexico 78 32 92 *183 94 61 *0
New York 50 31 71 156 30 *50 *5
North Carolina 30 10 56 90 10 *29 *0
North Dakota 112 52 356 408 *155 516 *0
Ohio 99 56 228 287 57 *217 *10
Oklahoma 44 24 74 202 35 *17 *0
Oregon 185 155 248 611 189 938 52
Pennsylvania 104 53 228 345 108 *128 *12
Rhode Island 87 63 128 241 81 *0 *0
South Carolina 94 75 118 101 158 *347 *0
South Dakota 77 51 157 *281 *59 187 *0
Tennessee 33 22 58 54 68 *0 *0
Texas 79 50 94 228 63 *68 *7
Utah 38 26 81 *119 86 *71 *21
Vermont 22 *18 *67 *0 *0 *0 *0
Virginia 57 24 101 160 48 *0 *0
Washington 80 49 129 283 91 139 29
West Virginia 208 182 473 545 *75 *0 *0
Wisconsin 90 43 221 459 70 284 *31
Wyoming 233 197 377 *587 323 *452 *0

1American Indian includes Alaskan Natives; Asian includes Pacific Islanders.
* Rate based on fewer than 10 observations.
Interpret data with caution. In these states, 30% or more of the information for commitment and/or race/ethnicity was imputed. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information about imputation.

Notes: This information is based on the state where the offense was committed. However, the state of offense is not always reported. Committed youth for whom state of offense was unknown are included in U.S. totals (3,613 in 2017). These instances are not evenly distributed across states. As such, users should exercise caution when examining state-level trends or comparing states. Visit the EZACJRP methods section for more information.

U.S. total includes a small number of offenders (1) who committed their offense in a U.S. Territory, but excludes youth in tribal facilities.

Committed youth are those held in residential placement as part of a court-ordered disposition. The commitment rate is the number of juvenile offenders in residential placement on October 25, 2017 per 100,000 juveniles age 10 through the upper age of original juvenile court jurisdiction in each state.

Minorities include blacks, Hispanics, American Indians/Alaskan Natives, Asians/Pacific Islanders, and those identified as other race.

To preserve the privacy of the juvenile residents, state cell counts have been rounded to the nearest multiple of three. Detail may not add to total because of rounding. Rates are based on rounded totals. More information on this rounding rule is available on the EZACJRP Web site.

[ Map version ]  [ CSV file ]


Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08612.asp?qaDate=2017. Released on October 31, 2019.

Data Source: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement 2017 [machine-readable data files]. Washington, D.C.: OJJDP.

 

USA.gov | Privacy | Policies & Disclaimers | FOIA | Site Map | Ask a Question | OJJDP Home
A component of the Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice