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Juveniles in Corrections
Juveniles in Adult Jails and Prisons
Q: How many youth age 17 or younger are held in state prisons?
A: Fewer than 700 inmates age 17 or younger were under the custody* of state prisons at the end of 2018.

Number of inmates age 17 or younger in custody*
of state prisons, 2000–2018

Year Total Male Female
2000 3,892 3,717 175
2001 3,129 2,992 137
2002 3,038 2,927 111
2003 2,740 2,627 113
2004 2,477 2,369 108
2005 2,208 2,118 90
2006 2,364 2,259 105
2007 2,283 2,192 91
2008 2,717 2,626 91
2009 2,743 2,645 98
2010 2,295 2,217 78
2011 1,790 1,722 68
2012 1,325 1,276 49
2013 1,188 1,140 48
2014 1,035 1,005 30
2015 993 960 33
2016 956 923 33
2017 893 857 36
2018 699 675 24

*Custody refers to prisoners held in the physical custody of state prisons, regardless of sentence length or authority that has jurisdiction.

[ Graph version ]  [ CSV file ]

  • The number of youth under age 18 in adult prisons fell 82% between 2000 and 2018.
  • Since 2000, between 3% and 4% of inmates under 18 in custody were females.
  • From 2000 to 2005, the count of inmates under 18 in state prisons decreased 43%. The count increased 24% to 2,743 youth under age 18 held in state prisons by 2009, and then decreased 75% through 2018.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08701.asp?qaDate=2018. Released on May 15, 2020.

Data Source: Data for 2000-2016 adapted from Carson, E. Ann and Mulako-Wangota, Joseph. Bureau of Justice Statistics. (Count of inmates age 17 or younger in custody). Generated using the Corrections Statistical Analysis Tool (CSAT) - Prisoners. Available from www.bjs.gov. Retrieved June 21, 2019. Data for 2017 adapted from Prisoners in 2017 table 11; data for 2018 adapted from Prisoners in 2018 table 12. Available from: https://www.bjs.gov/

 

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