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Juveniles in Corrections
Victimization in Juvenile Facilities
Q: What proportion of youth report being sexually victimized in juvenile facilities?
A: According to the 2012 National Survey of Youth in Custody, nearly 1 in 10 (9.5%) of adjudicated youth reported being sexually victimized in juvenile facilities.

National estimates of adjudicated youth reporting sexual victimization in juvenile facilities, 2012

Type of Incident Count Percent
Estimated number of adjudicated*
youth in placement
  Estimated number of victims 1,720 9.5%
    Youth-on-youth 450 2.5%
    Staff sexual misconduct 1,390 7.7%
      Force reported 630 3.5%
      No report of force 850 4.7%

* Estimated number of adjudicated youth in state juvenile facilities and state contract facilities - committed youth - rounded to the 100. Youth were asked to report on any victimization involving another youth or facility staff in the past 12 months or since admission to the facility, if less than 12 months. Subgroups may not sum to total because youth may have reported multiple victimizations or due to item non-response.

[ CSV file ]

  • Of the estimated 18,100 adjudicated youth in custody in a juvenile facility, 2.5% reported youth-on-youth incidents and 7.7% reported staff sexual misconduct.
  • 45% of the estimated 1,390 adjudicated youth who reported staff sexual misconduct reported that the perpetrator used physical force, threat of force, and other forms of pressure and coercion by facility staff.

  • Note: Data are based on the second National Survey of Youth in Custody (conducted between February and September 2012). The NSYC-2 is based on a multi-stage probability sample providing representative data on adjudicated youth residing in facilities owned or operated by a state juvenile correctional authority and all state-placed adjudicated youth held under state contract in locally or privately operated juvenile facilities. The NSYC is part of BJS's National Prison Rape Statistics Program which was established to collect data on the incidence and prevalence of sexual assault in juvenile facilities under the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA; P.L. 108-79).

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08801.asp?qaDate=2012. Released on April 29, 2016.

Data Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics. Sexual Victimization in Juvenile Facilities Reported by Youth, 2012. Available from: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/svjfry12.pdf


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