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Juveniles in Corrections
Victimization in Juvenile Facilities
Q: What are the incident characteristics of sexual victimization in juvenile facilities?
A: Nearly one-fifth (17.9%) of victims of youth-on-youth sexual victimization report having been injured by the perpetrator, compared with 6% of youth victimized by facility staff.

Incident characteristics of sexual victimization in juvenile facilities, 2012

Youth on youth Staff Misconduct
Victim injury
Yes 17.9% 6.1%
No 82.1% 93.9%
Type of pressure or force1
Force/threat of force 67.7% 20.3%
Gave victim drugs or alcohol 18.1% 21.5%
Offered favors or protection 25.2% 12.3%
No force or type not reported 24.2% 62.4%
Where occurred
In victimís room/sleeping area 44.4% 52.5%
In room/sleeping area of another youth 31.0% NA
Shower/bathroom2 32.7% 48.9%
Recreation area2 25.0% 14.4%
Other common area2,3 59.1% 80.9%
Off facility grounds 5.3% 9.7%

1Detail sums to more than 100% because some youth reported more than one victimization.
2Based on all victims who reported a location of occurrence.
3Includes a classroom, library, workshop, kitchen, or other workplace, office, someone else's room or sleeping area, closet, or supply room.

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  • Perpetrators of staff sexual misconduct were less likely to use force, but more likely to have given the victim drugs or alcohol.
  • More than two-thirds (67.7%) of victims of youth-on-youth violence reported that the perpetrator used force or the threat of force.
  • Most youth were victimized in a common area. More than 80% of youth who reported experiencing staff misconduct reported that the incident occurred in a common area, compared to 60% of youth victimized by another youth.

  • Note: Data are based on the second National Survey of Youth in Custody (conducted between February and September 2012). The NSYC-2 is based on a multi-stage probability sample providing representative data on adjudicated youth residing in facilities owned or operated by a state juvenile correctional authority and all state-placed adjudicated youth held under state contract in locally or privately operated juvenile facilities. The NSYC is part of BJS's National Prison Rape Statistics Program which was established to collect data on the incidence and prevalence of sexual assault in juvenile facilities under the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA; P.L. 108-79).

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/corrections/qa08804.asp?qaDate=2012. Released on April 29, 2016.

Data Source: Bureau of Justice Statistics. Sexual Victimization in Juvenile Facilities Reported by Youth, 2012. Available from: http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/svjfry12.pdf


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