U.S. Department of Justice, Office Of Justice Programs, Innovation - Partnerships - Safer Neighborhoods
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), Serving Children, Families, and Communities
OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book logo jump over products navigation bar
OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book logoAbout SSBFrequently Asked QuestionsPublicationsData Analysis ToolsNational Data SetsOther ResourcesAsk a Question

Juvenile Population Characteristics
Juveniles as Victims
Juveniles as Offenders
Juvenile Justice System Structure & Process
Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Juveniles in Court
Juveniles on Probation
Juveniles in Corrections
Juvenile Reentry & Aftercare
Special Topics
Data Snapshot
Statistical Briefing Book Home

OJJDP logo

Printer-priendlyPrinter-friendly
Juveniles in Court
Case Rate Trends
The total delinquency case rate increased gradually from 1985 through the late 1990s and then declined.

All delinquency offenses
Cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age

Year All youth
1985 44.17
1986 46.12
1987 46.71
1988 47.49
1989 48.65
1990 50.84
1991 54.39
1992 55.65
1993 56.28
1994 59.99
1995 62.71
1996 63.11
1997 62.89
1998 59.31
1999 56.56
2000 55.02
2001 53.44
2002 52.38
2003 51.83
2004 51.55
2005 51.20
2006 49.28
2007 49.78
2008 49.55
2009 45.68
2010 41.92
2011 38.33
2012 35.34
2013 31.95
2014 29.58
2015 27.97
2016 26.21
2017 24.71
2018 23.26
2019 22.31
2020 15.56
2021 13.48

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.

The COVID-19 pandemic, which began in March 2020, may have impacted the policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts for an indeterminate period of time. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court.

[ Graph version ] [ CSV file]

  • The total delinquency case rate increased 43% between 1985 and 1996 and then declined 79% through 2021.
  • Following a steady decline since 2008 (down 73%), the delinquency case rate fell to 13.5 cases per 1,000 youth under juvenile court jurisdiction, 69% below the 1985 rate (44.2).


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/JCSCR_Display.asp?ID=qa06230. December 22, 2023.

 

USA.gov | Privacy | Policies & Disclaimers | FOIA | Site Map | Ask a Question | OJJDP Home
A component of the Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice