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Case Rate Trends
The property offense case rate steadily declined from 2008 to 2020.

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.

It is important to note that 2020 was the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, which may have impacted policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court in 2020.
  • Between 2008 and 2020, the property offense case rate declined 74%. As a result, the rate in 2020 was at its lowest level since at least 1985, and 85% below the 1991 peak.
  • From 2008 to 2020, the property offense case rate decreased more than the rate for other cases. For example, property case rates fell 74%, followed by public order offenses (73%), drug offenses (68%), and person offenses (56%).

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