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Juveniles in Court
Case Rate Trends
Case rates for drug offenses increased 15% between 1985 and 2017 - from 3.0 to 3.4 cases per 1,000 youth under juvenile court jurisdiction.

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.

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  • Most of the increase in drug offense case rates occurred between 1991 and 1997, during which time the rate increased more than 160%.
  • Between 1999 and 2007, the drug offense case rate remained relatively stable, averaging 5.8 cases per 1,000 youth under juvenile court jurisdiction, and then decreased 40% through 2017.
  • Drug offense case rates were lower than the case rates for other offenses. In 2017, for example, juvenile courts processed 3.4 drug offense cases for every 1,000 youth under juvenile court jurisdiction, compared with 8.4 property offense cases, 7.6 person offense cases, and 6.5 public order offense cases.

Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/JCSCR_Display.asp?ID=qa06233. April 23, 2019.


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