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Juveniles in Court
Case Rate Trends
In 2021, juvenile courts processed 2.95 public order offense cases for every 1,000 youth under juvenile court jurisdiction.

Public order offenses
Cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age

Year All youth
1985 7.44
1986 8.07
1987 8.07
1988 8.20
1989 8.41
1990 8.49
1991 8.45
1992 8.88
1993 9.80
1994 10.83
1995 11.23
1996 12.11
1997 12.90
1998 13.15
1999 13.24
2000 13.24
2001 13.22
2002 13.10
2003 13.19
2004 13.43
2005 13.35
2006 13.18
2007 13.20
2008 12.91
2009 11.84
2010 10.73
2011 9.71
2012 8.96
2013 8.28
2014 7.55
2015 7.14
2016 6.67
2017 6.13
2018 5.85
2019 5.50
2020 3.56
2021 2.95

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.

The COVID-19 pandemic, which began in March 2020, may have impacted the policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts for an indeterminate period of time. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court.

[ Graph version ] [ CSV file]

  • Most of the growth in the public order offense case rate took place between 1985 and 1998, during which time the rate increased 77%.
  • After a period of relative stability through 2008, the public order case rate fell 77% by 2021, reaching its lowest level since at least 1985.
  • The public order offense case rate (2.95) was lower than the person (5.03) and property offense (4.08) case rates in 2021.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/JCSCR_Display.asp?ID=qa06234. December 22, 2023.

 

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