U.S. Department of Justice, Office Of Justice Programs, Innovation - Partnerships - Safer Neighborhoods
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), Serving Children, Families, and Communities
OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book logo jump over products navigation bar
OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book logoAbout SSBFrequently Asked QuestionsPublicationsData Analysis ToolsNational Data SetsOther ResourcesAsk a Question

Juvenile Population Characteristics
Juveniles as Victims
Juveniles as Offenders
Juvenile Justice System Structure & Process
Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Juveniles in Court
Juveniles on Probation
Juveniles in Corrections
Juvenile Reentry & Aftercare
Special Topics
Data Snapshot
Statistical Briefing Book Home

OJJDP logo

Printer-priendlyPrinter-friendly
Juveniles in Court
Case Rate Trends
The female and male delinquency case rates declined steadily between 2008 and 2018.

All delinquency offenses
Cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age by Sex

Year Male Female
1985 69.60 17.47
1986 72.90 17.98
1987 73.60 18.42
1988 75.06 18.47
1989 77.09 18.70
1990 80.27 19.82
1991 85.91 21.15
1992 87.39 22.16
1993 87.36 23.49
1994 92.09 26.11
1995 95.27 28.36
1996 95.41 29.27
1997 94.09 30.17
1998 88.08 29.11
1999 83.52 28.16
2000 80.19 28.49
2001 77.28 28.32
2002 75.22 28.32
2003 74.31 28.16
2004 73.44 28.75
2005 72.45 29.01
2006 70.65 27.02
2007 70.86 27.84
2008 70.23 27.95
2009 64.24 26.27
2010 59.13 24.03
2011 54.21 21.84
2012 50.06 20.11
2013 45.41 17.89
2014 42.12 16.57
2015 39.04 15.49
2016 36.81 14.57
2017 35.56 13.71
2018 33.49 13.07

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.

[ Graph version ] [ CSV file]

  • For both males and females, the delinquency case rate increased from 1985 through the mid-1990s. For males, the rate increased 37% to reach a peak in 1996 then fell 65% by 2018. Comparatively, the female rate reached a peak in 1997, 73% above the 1985 rate. This increase was followed by a 57% decline between 1997 and 2018. Rates in 2018 for both males and females were at their lowest level since at least 1985.
  • The disparity between male and female delinquency case rates declined between 1985 and 2018. In 1985, the delinquency case rate for males was 4 times greater than the rate for females; by 2018, the male rate was 2.6 times the female rate - 33.5 compared with 13.1.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/JCSCR_Display.asp?ID=qa06240. March 31, 2020.

 

USA.gov | Privacy | Policies & Disclaimers | FOIA | Site Map | Ask a Question | OJJDP Home
A component of the Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice