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Juveniles in Court
Case Rate Trends
The female delinquency case rate increased more - and declined less - than the male rate between 1985 and 2017.

All delinquency offenses
Cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age by Sex

Year Male Female
1985 69.63 17.47
1986 73.47 18.56
1987 74.06 18.93
1988 75.64 19.15
1989 77.76 19.55
1990 81.00 20.74
1991 86.64 22.15
1992 88.14 23.15
1993 88.17 24.50
1994 92.86 27.10
1995 96.04 29.35
1996 96.34 30.22
1997 94.84 31.08
1998 89.02 30.09
1999 84.66 29.26
2000 80.92 29.12
2001 77.97 28.90
2002 75.91 28.91
2003 75.10 28.78
2004 74.21 29.31
2005 73.43 29.82
2006 71.53 27.74
2007 71.71 28.50
2008 70.95 28.56
2009 64.98 26.88
2010 59.79 24.55
2011 54.79 22.29
2012 50.56 20.51
2013 46.17 18.46
2014 42.70 17.01
2015 39.73 15.98
2016 37.60 15.05
2017 36.88 14.34

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.

[ Graph version ] [ CSV file]

  • For both males and females, the delinquency case rate increased from 1985 through the mid-1990s. For males, the rate increased 38% to reach a peak in 1996 then fell 62% by 2017. Comparatively, the female rate reached a peak in 1997, 78% above the 1985 rate. This increase was followed by a 54% decline between 1997 and 2017. Rates in 2017 for both males and females were at their lowest level since at least 1985.
  • The disparity between male and female delinquency case rates declined between 1985 and 2017. In 1985, the delinquency case rate for males was 4 times greater than the rate for females; by 2017, the male rate was 2.6 times the female rate - 36.9 compared with 14.3.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/JCSCR_Display.asp?ID=qa06240. April 23, 2019.

 

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