U.S. Department of Justice, Office Of Justice Programs, Innovation - Partnerships - Safer Neighborhoods
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), Serving Children, Families, and Communities
OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book logo jump over products navigation bar
OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book logoAbout SSBFrequently Asked QuestionsPublicationsData Analysis ToolsNational Data SetsOther ResourcesAsk a Question

Juvenile Population Characteristics
Juveniles as Victims
Juveniles as Offenders
Juvenile Justice System Structure & Process
Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Juveniles in Court
Juveniles on Probation
Juveniles in Corrections
Juvenile Reentry & Aftercare
Special Topics
Data Snapshot
Statistical Briefing Book Home

OJJDP logo

Printer-priendlyPrinter-friendly
Juveniles in Court
Case Rate Trends
Male and female property offense case rates declined from 2008 to 2021, but the relative decline was greater for females.

Property offenses
Cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age by Sex

Year Male Female
1985 42.58 10.24
1986 44.22 10.43
1987 44.68 10.95
1988 44.71 10.74
1989 45.23 10.69
1990 47.24 11.60
1991 51.34 12.63
1992 50.65 12.81
1993 47.83 12.92
1994 48.04 13.78
1995 47.98 14.46
1996 46.12 14.39
1997 43.77 14.17
1998 39.21 12.75
1999 35.18 11.86
2000 33.21 11.91
2001 30.48 11.36
2002 29.71 11.29
2003 29.00 10.84
2004 27.63 10.90
2005 26.55 10.68
2006 25.87 9.54
2007 26.14 10.35
2008 26.34 10.99
2009 23.97 10.66
2010 21.30 9.41
2011 19.31 8.26
2012 17.79 7.34
2013 15.77 6.15
2014 14.55 5.65
2015 13.67 5.21
2016 12.62 4.68
2017 11.96 4.00
2018 10.29 3.58
2019 9.46 3.32
2020 7.33 2.39
2021 6.20 1.87

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.

The COVID-19 pandemic, which began in March 2020, may have impacted the policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts for an indeterminate period of time. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court.

[ Graph version ] [ CSV file]

  • The male property offense case rate fell 76% between 2008 and 2021, while the rate for females fell 83%. By 2021, the rates for males and females were at their lowest level since at least 1985.
  • Because of the larger decrease in the female property case rate, the disparity between male and female property offense case rates increased from 2.4 in 2008 to 3.3 in 2021.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/JCSCR_Display.asp?ID=qa06242. December 22, 2023.

 

USA.gov | Privacy | Policies & Disclaimers | FOIA | Site Map | Ask a Question | OJJDP Home
A component of the Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice