U.S. Department of Justice, Office Of Justice Programs, Innovation - Partnerships - Safer Neighborhoods
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), Serving Children, Families, and Communities
OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book logo jump over products navigation bar
OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book logoAbout SSBFrequently Asked QuestionsPublicationsData Analysis ToolsNational Data SetsOther ResourcesAsk a Question

Juvenile Population Characteristics
Juveniles as Victims
Juveniles as Offenders
Juvenile Justice System Structure & Process
Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Juveniles in Court
Juveniles on Probation
Juveniles in Corrections
Juvenile Reentry & Aftercare
Special Topics
Data Snapshot
Statistical Briefing Book Home

OJJDP logo

Printer-priendlyPrinter-friendly
Juveniles in Court
Case Rate Trends
Drug offense case rates for males and females have declined considerably.


Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.

It is important to note that 2020 was the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, which may have impacted policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court in 2020.

[Text only]  [CSV file]

  • In 2020, the male drug offense case rate was 2.55 for every 1,000 male youth under juvenile court jurisdiction and the female drug offense case rate was 0.92.
  • Trends in drug offense case rates followed similar patterns for males and females since 1985. For males, the case rate increased more than 150% between 1991 and 1997, the peak year. Since the 1997 peak, the male rate declined steadily through 2020 (down 76%), resting at a level that was about the half the rate in 1985.
  • Similarly, the drug offense case rate for females more than tripled between 1991 and 1997, then increased again to reach a peak in 2005. Despite a recent decline 61% between 2005 and 2020 the female rate in 2020 remained above the 1991 lowpoint.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/JCSCR_Display.asp?ID=qa06243. January 10, 2023.

 

USA.gov | Privacy | Policies & Disclaimers | FOIA | Site Map | Ask a Question | OJJDP Home
A component of the Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice