In 2017, the drug offense case rate for males was three times the female rate.
|Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.
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- Trends in drug offense case rates followed similar patterns for males and females since 1985. For males, the case rate increased more than 150% between 1991 and 1997, the peak year. Since the 1997 peak, the male rate generally declined through 2017 (down 53%) and returned to the level of the early-1990s.
- Similar to the pattern for males, the drug offense case rate for females increased between 1991 and 1998. Unlike the trend for males, however, the brief period of stability in the female rate was followed by an increase through 2005, the peak year for females. Despite a recent decline — 28% between 2005 and 2016 — the female rate in 2017 remained considerably above the 1991 lowpoint.
Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
April 23, 2019.
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