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Juveniles in Court
Case Rate Trends
Male and female public order offense case rates decreased more than 70% since the mid-2000s.

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.

It is important to note that 2020 was the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, which may have impacted policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court in 2020.

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  • The male public order offense case rate increased gradually between 1985 and 2000, during which time the rate increased 68%. The male rate stayed within a limited range through 2008, averaging about 19 cases per 1,000 males under juvenile court jurisdiction. The rate in 2020 was 73% below the average for the 2000-2008 period.
  • After a period of stability, the female public order offense case rate more than doubled between 1991 and 2005, the peak year. Between 2005 and 2020, the rate declined 75%.
  • The relative decline in public order case rates was similar for males and females between 2005 and 2020 (73% for males and 75% for females).

Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/JCSCR_Display.asp?ID=qa06244. January 10, 2023.


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