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Case Rate Trends
Male and female public order offense case rates decreased more than 75% since the mid-2000s.

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.

The COVID-19 pandemic, which began in March 2020, may have impacted the policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts for an indeterminate period of time. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court.
  • The male public order offense case rate increased gradually between 1985 and 2000, during which time the rate increased 68%. The male rate stayed within a limited range through 2008, averaging about 19 cases per 1,000 males under juvenile court jurisdiction. The rate in 2021 was 77% below the average for the 2000-2008 period.
  • After a period of stability, the female public order offense case rate more than tripled between 1991 and 2005, the peak year. Between 2005 and 2021, the rate declined 80%.
  • The relative decline in public order case rates was similar for males and females between 2005 and 2021 (77% for males and 80% for females).

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