U.S. Department of Justice, Office Of Justice Programs, Innovation - Partnerships - Safer Neighborhoods
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), Serving Children, Families, and Communities
OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book logo jump over products navigation bar
OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book logoAbout SSBFrequently Asked QuestionsPublicationsData Analysis ToolsNational Data SetsOther ResourcesAsk a Question

Juvenile Population Characteristics
Juveniles as Victims
Juveniles as Offenders
Juvenile Justice System Structure & Process
Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Juveniles in Court
Juveniles on Probation
Juveniles in Corrections
Juvenile Reentry & Aftercare
Special Topics
Data Snapshot
Statistical Briefing Book Home

OJJDP logo

Printer-priendlyPrinter-friendly
Juveniles in Court
Case Rate Trends
Male and female public order offense case rates decreased more than 75% since the mid-2000s.

Public order offenses
Cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age by Sex

Year Male Female
1985 11.33 3.34
1986 12.36 3.56
1987 12.41 3.50
1988 12.67 3.49
1989 13.00 3.57
1990 13.28 3.45
1991 13.26 3.38
1992 13.91 3.58
1993 15.13 4.18
1994 16.60 4.74
1995 16.95 5.19
1996 18.09 5.79
1997 19.03 6.42
1998 19.18 6.77
1999 19.22 6.92
2000 19.07 7.09
2001 18.83 7.32
2002 18.48 7.43
2003 18.59 7.50
2004 18.88 7.69
2005 18.69 7.72
2006 18.57 7.51
2007 18.57 7.55
2008 18.22 7.33
2009 16.76 6.66
2010 15.22 6.01
2011 13.82 5.41
2012 12.65 5.11
2013 11.71 4.70
2014 10.76 4.20
2015 10.11 4.04
2016 9.46 3.77
2017 8.68 3.46
2018 8.32 3.28
2019 7.78 3.11
2020 5.12 1.94
2021 4.29 1.55

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.

The COVID-19 pandemic, which began in March 2020, may have impacted the policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts for an indeterminate period of time. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court.

[ Graph version ] [ CSV file]

  • The male public order offense case rate increased gradually between 1985 and 2000, during which time the rate increased 68%. The male rate stayed within a limited range through 2008, averaging about 19 cases per 1,000 males under juvenile court jurisdiction. The rate in 2021 was 77% below the average for the 2000-2008 period.
  • After a period of stability, the female public order offense case rate more than tripled between 1991 and 2005, the peak year. Between 2005 and 2021, the rate declined 80%.
  • The relative decline in public order case rates was similar for males and females between 2005 and 2021 (77% for males and 80% for females).


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/JCSCR_Display.asp?ID=qa06244. December 22, 2023.

 

USA.gov | Privacy | Policies & Disclaimers | FOIA | Site Map | Ask a Question | OJJDP Home
A component of the Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice