For each racial group, delinquency case rates decreased between 2005 and 2020.
|Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.
*Excludes persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Persons of Hispanic ethnicity can be of any race.
It is important to note that 2020 was the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, which may have impacted policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court in 2020.
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- Since 2005, the delinquency case rate for Asian/NHPI youth decreased 80%, the case rate for Hispanic youth fell 74%, the case rate for white youth fell 68%, the case for Black youth fell 67%, and the case rate for American Indian youth fell 61%.
- The delinquency case rate for Black youth in 2020 was double the rate for American Indian youth, 2.8 times the rate for white youth, triple the rate for Hispanic youth, and 11.5 times the rate for Asian/NHPI youth.
Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
January 10, 2023.
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