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Juveniles in Court
Case Rate Trends
For each racial group, delinquency case rates decreased between 2005 and 2021.

All delinquency offenses
Cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age by Race

Year White* Black* Hispanic American
Indian
Asian/NHPI*
2005 40.81 108.45 45.32 44.20 15.84
2006 39.08 106.24 43.15 41.19 14.70
2007 39.34 108.54 43.73 40.50 13.76
2008 38.90 109.94 43.47 38.08 13.30
2009 35.99 101.31 40.17 35.30 12.20
2010 33.06 92.54 37.45 33.49 10.96
2011 30.32 85.57 33.72 31.64 9.65
2012 28.31 80.19 29.61 30.34 8.36
2013 24.86 76.25 26.51 28.15 6.97
2014 22.79 71.82 24.52 26.81 6.06
2015 22.10 66.99 22.75 24.76 5.39
2016 20.86 62.99 20.92 24.50 4.85
2017 20.16 58.66 19.11 22.64 4.60
2018 19.11 54.46 18.09 22.17 4.47
2019 17.92 53.21 17.46 22.10 4.43
2020 12.83 35.98 11.87 17.19 3.07
2021 11.37 31.69 9.46 14.84 2.49

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.
*Excludes persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Persons of Hispanic ethnicity can be of any race.

The COVID-19 pandemic, which began in March 2020, may have impacted the policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts for an indeterminate period of time. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court.

[ Graph version ] [ CSV file]

  • Since 2005, the delinquency case rate for Asian/NHPI youth decreased 84%, the case rate for Hispanic youth fell 79%, the case rate for white youth fell 72%, the case for Black youth fell 71%, and the case rate for American Indian youth fell 66%.
  • The delinquency case rate for Black youth in 2021 was double the rate for American Indian youth, 2.8 times the rate for white youth, triple the rate for Hispanic youth, and nearly 13 times the rate for Asian/NHPI youth.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/JCSCR_Display.asp?ID=qa06250. December 22, 2023.

 

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