Between 2005 and 2020, the person offense case rate decreased most for Asian/NHPI youth (68%), followed by Black youth (62%), Hispanic youth (58%), white youth (56%), and American Indian youth (42%).
|Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.
*Excludes persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Persons of Hispanic ethnicity can be of any race.
It is important to note that 2020 was the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, which may have impacted policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court in 2020.
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- The person offense case rate for Black youth in 2020 was well above the rate for other race groups: 2.2 times the rate for American Indian youth, 3.0 times the rate for white youth, 3.1 times the rate for Hispanic youth, and 12.1 times the rate for Asian/NHPI youth.
Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
January 10, 2023.
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