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Juveniles in Court
Case Rate Trends
For all racial groups, property offense case rates declined steadily since 2008.

Property offenses
Cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age by Race

Year White* Black* Hispanic American
Indian
Asian/NHPI*
2005 16.36 35.07 15.81 18.04 7.10
2006 15.52 33.90 15.05 16.49 6.41
2007 15.79 35.83 15.61 16.27 6.24
2008 15.86 37.99 16.06 15.26 6.23
2009 14.52 36.42 14.70 14.23 5.69
2010 12.83 32.31 13.29 13.09 5.00
2011 11.35 30.15 11.74 12.05 4.30
2012 10.45 28.20 10.06 11.53 3.56
2013 8.77 26.37 8.56 10.86 2.88
2014 7.95 25.12 7.80 10.25 2.44
2015 7.53 23.67 7.06 9.36 2.08
2016 6.91 21.97 6.29 9.44 1.83
2017 6.49 20.43 5.51 8.60 1.70
2018 5.64 17.85 4.71 7.54 1.45
2019 5.07 16.90 4.31 6.90 1.34
2020 4.02 12.24 3.24 5.98 0.96
2021 3.39 10.49 2.38 4.70 0.79

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.
*Excludes persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Persons of Hispanic ethnicity can be of any race.

The COVID-19 pandemic, which began in March 2020, may have impacted the policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts for an indeterminate period of time. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court.

[ Graph version ] [ CSV file]

  • Property offense case rates for white, American Indian, and Asian/NHPI youth were at their peak in 2005, while the rates for Black and Hispanic youth peaked in 2008. Since their respective peak and 2021, the rate declined 89% for Asian/NHPI youth, 85% for Hispanic youth, 79% for white youth, 74% for American Indian youth, and 70% for Black youth.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/JCSCR_Display.asp?ID=qa06252. December 22, 2023.

 

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