Across race/ethnicity groups, drug offense case rates declined between 2005 and 2020.
|Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.
*Excludes persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Persons of Hispanic ethnicity can be of any race.
It is important to note that 2020 was the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, which may have impacted policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court in 2020.
[Text only] [CSV file]
- Between 2005 and 2020, drug offense case rates decreased 75% for Black youth, 72% for Asian/NHPI youth, 70% for Hispanic youth, 66% for white youth, and 53% for American Indian youth.
Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
January 10, 2023.
USA.gov | Privacy | Policies & Disclaimers | FOIA | Site Map | Ask a Question | OJJDP Home
A component of the Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice