The petitioned status offense case rate increased slightly from 2005 through 2007 and then declined through 2020.
|Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.
It is important to note that 2020 was the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, which may have impacted policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court in 2020.
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- The total petitioned status offense case rate increased 6% between 2005 and 2007 and then declined 72% through 2020.
- The petitioned status offense case rate in 2020 reached its lowest level since 2005. The rate in 2020 (1.78 cases per 1,000 youth under juvenile court jurisdiction) was 70% below the 2005 rate (6.03).
- Compared with other status offense types, the case rate for liquor law violations decreased the most between 2005 and 2020 (down 84%), followed by curfew violations (83%), ungovernability (81%), runaway (72%), and truancy (54%).
Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
January 10, 2023.
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