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Case Rate Trends
The petitioned status offense case rate increased slightly from 2005 through 2007 and then declined through 2021.

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.

The COVID-19 pandemic, which began in March 2020, may have impacted the policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts for an indeterminate period of time. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court.
  • The total petitioned status offense case rate increased 5% between 2005 and 2007 and then declined 75% through 2021.
  • The petitioned status offense case rate in 2021 reached its lowest level since 2005. The rate in 2021 (1.59 cases per 1,000 youth under juvenile court jurisdiction) was 74% below the 2005 rate (6.03).
  • Compared with other status offense types, the case rate for curfew violations decreased the most between 2005 and 2021 (down 87%), followed by liquor law violations (85%), ungovernability (82%), runaway (74%), and truancy (58%).

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