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Juveniles in Court
Case Rate Trends
The relative decline in the petitioned status offense case rate was about the same for males (70%) and females (71%) between 2005 and 2020.

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.

It is important to note that 2020 was the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, which may have impacted policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court in 2020.

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  • The overall trend in the petitioned status offense case rate was similar for males and females. The male case rate peaked in 2007 (6.99 cases per 1,000 males) before decreasing 72% through 2020 (1.95 cases per 1,000 males). The female case rate also peaked in 2007 (5.72 cases per 1,000 females) before also decreasing 72% through 2020 (1.60 cases per 1,000 females).
  • For males, liquor law violation case rates experienced the largest relative decline (down 85%) between 2005 and 2020; for females, curfew violation case rates (down 84%) had the largest relative decline.

Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/JCSCR_Display.asp?ID=qa06270. January 10, 2023.


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