The runaway case rate was higher for females than males for each year between 2005 and 2020.
|Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.
It is important to note that 2020 was the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, which may have impacted policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court in 2020.
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- The relative decline in the female runaway rate outpaced that of males between 2005 and 2020 (75% and 67%, respectively). As a result, the male-female disparity in runaway case rates narrowed, falling from 1.7 in 2005 to 1.3 in 2020.
Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
January 10, 2023.
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