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Case Rate Trends
The runaway case rate was higher for females than males for each year between 2005 and 2021.

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.

The COVID-19 pandemic, which began in March 2020, may have impacted the policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts for an indeterminate period of time. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court.
  • The relative decline in the female runaway rate outpaced that of males between 2005 and 2021 (76% and 70%, respectively). As a result, the female-male disparity in runaway case rates narrowed, falling from 1.6 in 2005 to 1.3 in 2020.

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