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Juveniles in Court
Case Rate Trends
Petitioned status offense case rates decreased for each race/ethnicity group between 2005 and 2021.

All petitioned status offenses
Cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age by Race

Year White* Black* Hispanic American
Indian
Asian/NHPI*
2005 6.65 8.52 2.31 9.54 2.56
2006 6.96 9.04 2.50 10.65 2.45
2007 7.07 9.00 2.66 10.04 2.39
2008 6.76 8.98 2.48 9.32 2.37
2009 5.94 8.02 2.12 8.53 2.31
2010 5.41 7.19 1.91 7.79 1.85
2011 4.94 6.92 1.74 7.39 1.51
2012 4.91 7.10 1.73 7.05 1.48
2013 4.38 6.61 1.60 6.12 1.25
2014 3.94 5.90 1.50 5.43 1.09
2015 3.89 5.38 1.51 5.22 1.08
2016 3.65 5.01 1.46 5.72 1.11
2017 3.54 4.80 1.40 5.38 1.12
2018 3.27 4.60 1.32 4.88 1.19
2019 3.08 4.02 1.15 6.09 1.05
2020 2.02 2.54 0.82 4.15 0.76
2021 1.82 2.54 0.62 3.43 0.58

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.
*Excludes persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Persons of Hispanic ethnicity can be of any race.

The COVID-19 pandemic, which began in March 2020, may have impacted the policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts for an indeterminate period of time. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court.

[ Graph version ] [ CSV file]

  • Between 2005 and 2021, the petitioned status offense case rate decreased 77% for cases involving Asian/NHPI youth, 70% for cases involving Black youth, 73% each for cases involving white youth and cases involving Hispanic youth, and 64% for cases involving American Indian youth.
  • The annual petitioned status offense case rates for Black and American Indian youth have been consistently higher than the rates for all other race groups since 2005.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/JCSCR_Display.asp?ID=qa06280. December 22, 2023.

 

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