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Juveniles in Court
Case Rate Trends
Petitioned runaway case rates decreased for considerably for each race/ethnicity group since 2005.

Runaway offenses
Cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age by Race

Year White* Black* Hispanic American
Indian
Asian/NHPI*
2005 0.58 1.85 0.27 0.54 0.42
2006 0.55 1.83 0.23 0.37 0.29
2007 0.50 1.65 0.25 0.39 0.28
2008 0.47 1.68 0.21 0.29 0.27
2009 0.41 1.30 0.19 0.31 0.25
2010 0.35 1.24 0.17 0.18 0.14
2011 0.32 1.15 0.16 0.18 0.14
2012 0.32 1.17 0.14 0.17 0.11
2013 0.28 1.05 0.13 0.14 0.10
2014 0.26 1.01 0.12 0.12 0.07
2015 0.26 0.90 0.12 0.13 0.07
2016 0.25 0.90 0.13 0.22 0.06
2017 0.24 0.86 0.11 0.23 0.06
2018 0.24 0.87 0.12 0.22 0.04
2019 0.22 0.81 0.11 0.33 0.06
2020 0.18 0.55 0.09 0.25 0.05
2021 0.15 0.54 0.08 0.16 0.05

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.
*Excludes persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Persons of Hispanic ethnicity can be of any race.

The COVID-19 pandemic, which began in March 2020, may have impacted the policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts for an indeterminate period of time. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court.

[ Graph version ] [ CSV file]

  • Between 2005 and 2021, the petitioned runaway case rate decreased most for Asian/NHPI youth (89%), followed by white youth and Hispanic youth (73% each), Black youth (71%), and American Indian youth (70%).


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/JCSCR_Display.asp?ID=qa06281. December 22, 2023.

 

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