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Juveniles in Court
Case Rate Trends
Across race/ethnicity groups, petitioned curfew violation case rates in 2021 were well below the levels in 2005.

Curfew offenses
Cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age by Race

Year White* Black* Hispanic American
Indian
Asian/NHPI*
2005 0.49 0.96 0.25 1.03 0.19
2006 0.49 1.40 0.25 1.54 0.20
2007 0.53 1.22 0.23 1.42 0.21
2008 0.49 1.30 0.23 1.15 0.19
2009 0.41 1.22 0.18 1.21 0.15
2010 0.42 1.15 0.16 1.04 0.19
2011 0.35 1.03 0.14 1.32 0.12
2012 0.35 1.16 0.13 1.26 0.11
2013 0.29 0.98 0.10 1.02 0.09
2014 0.24 0.84 0.09 0.74 0.06
2015 0.21 0.64 0.07 0.61 0.04
2016 0.16 0.46 0.06 0.40 0.05
2017 0.15 0.39 0.05 0.33 0.03
2018 0.12 0.35 0.04 0.21 0.03
2019 0.11 0.32 0.04 0.31 0.02
2020 0.09 0.18 0.03 0.14 0.01
2021 0.07 0.13 0.03 0.08 0.03

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.
*Excludes persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Persons of Hispanic ethnicity can be of any race.

The COVID-19 pandemic, which began in March 2020, may have impacted the policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts for an indeterminate period of time. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court.

[ Graph version ] [ CSV file]

  • Curfew violation case rates reached a peak in 2006 for Black youth, American Indian youth, and Hispanic youth, and in 2007 for white youth and Asian/NHPI youth. Since reaching their respective peak, case rates fell considerably for all race groups through 2021: 95% for American Indian youth, 91% for Black youth, 89% for Hispanic youth, 88% for white youth, and 86% for Asian/NHPI youth.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/JCSCR_Display.asp?ID=qa06283. December 22, 2023.

 

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