Petitioned ungovernability rates for cases involving Black youth were well above the rates for other race groups.
|Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.
*Excludes persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Persons of Hispanic ethnicity can be of any race.
It is important to note that 2020 was the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, which may have impacted policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court in 2020.
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- In 2020, the ungovernability case rate for Black youth was about twice the rate for cases involving white youth, five times the rate for American Indian youth, nearly twelve times the rate for Hispanic youth, and more than twenty times the rate for Asian/NHPI youth.
Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
January 10, 2023.
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