Petitioned ungovernability rates for cases involving Black youth were well above the rates for other race groups each year since 2005.
|Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.
*Excludes persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Persons of Hispanic ethnicity can be of any race.
The COVID-19 pandemic, which began in March 2020, may have impacted the policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts for an indeterminate period of time. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court.
- In 2021, the ungovernability case rate for Black youth was about twice the rate for cases involving white youth, nearly three times the rate for American Indian youth, more than eleven times the rate for Hispanic youth, and nearly thirteen times the rate for Asian/NHPI youth.
Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
December 22, 2023.
USA.gov | Privacy | Policies & Disclaimers | FOIA | Site Map | Ask a Question | OJJDP Home
A component of the Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice