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Juveniles in Court
Case Rate Trends
Petitioned liquor law violation case rates were highest for American Indian youth.

Liquor law violations
Cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age by Race

Year White* Black* Hispanic American
Indian
Asian/NHPI*
2005 1.58 0.38 0.46 3.65 0.37
2006 1.72 0.40 0.48 4.13 0.38
2007 1.78 0.45 0.52 3.96 0.34
2008 1.70 0.44 0.54 3.55 0.34
2009 1.34 0.45 0.45 2.84 0.32
2010 1.16 0.42 0.43 2.77 0.27
2011 1.03 0.42 0.37 2.32 0.21
2012 0.98 0.40 0.36 2.12 0.21
2013 0.80 0.35 0.28 1.81 0.16
2014 0.67 0.33 0.21 1.56 0.13
2015 0.57 0.20 0.19 1.36 0.10
2016 0.52 0.16 0.15 1.58 0.08
2017 0.46 0.13 0.13 1.56 0.06
2018 0.38 0.11 0.10 1.54 0.05
2019 0.35 0.12 0.09 1.84 0.07
2020 0.26 0.09 0.07 1.22 0.05
2021 0.24 0.06 0.05 1.13 0.04

Note: Rates are cases per 1,000 youth ages 10-upper age of juvenile court jurisdiction.
*Excludes persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Persons of Hispanic ethnicity can be of any race.

The COVID-19 pandemic, which began in March 2020, may have impacted the policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts for an indeterminate period of time. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court.

[ Graph version ] [ CSV file]

  • Since 2005, petitioned liquor law violation case rates for American Indian youth were above the rates for youth of other races. In 2021, the American Indian rate was more than four times the rate for white youth, more than nineteen times the rate for Black youth, more than twenty times the rate for Hispanic youth, and more than twenty-five times the rate for Asian/NHPI youth.


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/JCSCR_Display.asp?ID=qa06285. December 22, 2023.

 

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