|Petitioned Status Offense Cases
||What proportion of petitioned status cases are referred to juvenile court by law enforcement?
||In 2020, fewer than one in five petitioned status cases were referred to juvenile court by law enforcement but the proportion varied by offense.
Petitioned status offense cases by source of referral, 2020
|Source of referral
* Includes other offenses not shown.
It is important to note that 2020 was the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, which may have impacted policies, procedures, and data collection activities regarding referrals to and processing of youth by juvenile courts. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and school closures likely impacted the volume and type of law-violating behavior by youth referred to juvenile court in 2020.
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- Cases can be referred to juvenile court by any one of a number of sources, such as law enforcement agencies, social service agencies, schools, parents, probation officers, and victims.
- Law enforcement agencies referred about one-third of runaway and ungovernability cases, more than 90% of curfew cases, and more than 80% of liquor law violations handled in juvenile court in 2020. Conversely, a small proportion of truancy cases (less than 2%) were referred by law enforcement.
Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/qa06604.asp?qaDate=2020.
Released on January 10, 2023.
Data Source: National Juvenile Court Data Archive. National Center for Juvenile Justice. Pittsburgh, PA.
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