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Juveniles in Court
Petitioned Status Offense Cases
Q: Has the sanctioning of petitioned status offense cases changed?
A: While the use of informal sanctions remained relatively stable between 2005 and 2017, a larger proportion of petitioned status offense cases were dismissed in 2017 (49%) than in 2005 (35%).

Proportion of petitioned status offense cases receiving sanctions, 2005-2017

Year Dismissed Informal sanction Formal sanction
2005 35.3% 11.7% 53.0%
2006 35.5% 14.6% 50.0%
2007 35.0% 14.9% 50.1%
2008 35.5% 13.7% 50.8%
2009 38.3% 12.6% 49.2%
2010 37.9% 13.3% 48.8%
2011 38.3% 13.2% 48.4%
2012 40.5% 15.4% 44.1%
2013 42.4% 16.0% 41.6%
2014 41.9% 15.3% 42.8%
2015 44.1% 14.6% 41.3%
2016 46.5% 14.4% 39.0%
2017 48.8% 13.8% 37.4%

Detail may not add to 100% due to rounding.

[ Graph version ]  [ CSV file ]

  • Informal sanctions include cases that were not adjudicated but received some type of sanction, such as voluntary probation, referrals for services or treatment, and other dispositions that require minimal court involvement.
  • Formal sanctions apply to cases that result in an adjudication; these sanctions can include probation, placement, and other sanctions that require court involvement.
  • A smaller proportion of petitioned status offense cases received formal sanctions in 2017 compared with 2005 (37% vs 53%).

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/court/qa06801.asp?qaDate=2017. Released on April 23, 2019.

Data Source: National Juvenile Court Data Archive. National Center for Juvenile Justice. Pittsburgh, PA.

 

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