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Law Enforcement & Juvenile Crime
Juvenile Arrest Rate Trends
Following a steady decline since 2006, the juvenile Violent Crime Index arrest rate reached a new historic low-point in 2012.

Juvenile Arrest Rates for Violent Crime Index offenses, 1980-2012

Year Total
1980 295.4
1981 296.8
1982 293.7
1983 279.4
1984 278.8
1985 292.5
1986 303.6
1987 295.4
1988 333.5
1989 386.5
1990 411.3
1991 433.6
1992 449.9
1993 470.4
1994 497.4
1995 486.6
1996 431.2
1997 391.9
1998 353.2
1999 319.6
2000 298.7
2001 289.6
2002 272.2
2003 267.5
2004 263.9
2005 276.7
2006 290.3
2007 280.2
2008 280.3
2009 253.3
2010 224.5
2011 202.4
2012 182.4

Note: Rates are arrests of persons ages 10-17 per 100,000 persons ages 10-17 in the resident population. The Violent Crime Index includes the offenses of murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.

Beginning in 2013, the FBI broadened the definition of rape, removing the phrase “forcible” from the offense name and description. The new definition of rape is: Penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part of object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim. The new definition includes the NIBRS offenses of rape, sodomy, and sexual assault with an object.

Law enforcement agencies may submit data on rape arrests based on either the new or legacy definition of rape. Due to differences in agency reporting practices, arrest rates for rape are not available after 2012. Additionally, arrest rates for the Violent Crime Index (which included “forcible rape”) are not shown after 2012 as this category is no longer compatible with prior years.

[ Graph version ] [Excel file]


Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
http://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/crime/JAR_Display.asp?ID=qa05201. December 06, 2017.

Data source: Arrest estimates developed by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and disseminated through "Arrest Data Analysis Tool." Online. Available from the BJS website.

 

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