|Juvenile Arrest Rate Trends
The Violent Crime Index arrest rate declined for all racial groups between 2006 and 2012: down 46% for American Indian youth, 37% for Asian youth, 38% for white youth, and 34% for black youth.
|Note: Rates are arrests of persons ages 0-17 per 100,000 persons ages 10-17 in the resident population. Persons of Hispanic ethnicity may be of any race, i.e., white, black, American Indian, or Asian. Arrests of Hispanics are not reported separately.
The Violent Crime Index includes the offenses of murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault.
Beginning in 2013, the FBI broadened the definition of rape, removing the phrase “forcible” from the offense name and description. The new definition of rape is: Penetration, no matter how slight, of the vagina or anus with any body part or object, or oral penetration by a sex organ of another person, without the consent of the victim. The new definition includes the NIBRS offenses of rape, sodomy, and sexual assault with an object.
Law enforcement agencies may submit data on rape arrests based on either the new or legacy definition of rape. Due to differences in agency reporting practices, arrest rates for rape are not available after 2012. Additionally, arrest rates for the Violent Crime Index (which included “forcible rape”) are not shown after 2012 as this category is no longer compatible with prior years.
[Text only] [Excel file]
Internet Citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available:
October 22, 2018.
Data source: Arrest estimates developed by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and disseminated through "Arrest Data Analysis Tool." Online. Available from the BJS
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