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Juvenile Arrests
Q: How do juvenile arrest rates vary by State?
A: State variations in juvenile arrest rates may reflect differences in juvenile law-violating behavior, police behavior, and/or community standards; therefore, comparisons should be made with caution.

Juvenile arrest rates by State, 2018

State Reporting
Coverage
Aggravated
assault
Robbery Larceny
theft
Drug
abuse
Weapons
United States 82% 84 52 286 269 50
Alabama 63% 48 35 200 41 28
Alaska 99% 187 27 279 234 23
Arizona 92% 95 56 348 467 36
Arkansas 88% 104 29 368 330 41
California 100% 97 73 75 73 68
Colorado 87% 87 42 486 447 55
Connecticut 97% 40 44 250 142 44
Delaware 100% 216 93 401 302 89
District of Columbia 0% NA NA NA NA NA
Florida 100% 95 57 383 280 41
Georgia 64% 71 31 310 276 52
Hawaii 81% 46 44 224 324 12
Idaho 89% 62 10 418 504 51
Illinois 22% 59 190 302 281 209
Indiana 60% 96 38 309 267 47
Iowa 0% NA NA NA NA NA
Kansas 45% 19 3 54 141 2
Kentucky 78% 19 16 120 72 7
Louisiana 85% 204 49 537 362 106
Maine 100% 19 13 448 256 5
Maryland 97% 128 178 418 347 104
Massachusetts 85% 66 16 79 24 13
Michigan 99% 63 23 228 168 29
Minnesota 99% 71 60 569 291 54
Mississippi 39% 32 22 315 149 54
Missouri 88% 89 48 390 365 43
Montana 94% 61 10 564 370 15
Nebraska 79% 39 54 733 605 47
Nevada 99% 305 98 276 402 75
New Hampshire 97% 29 13 229 284 3
New Jersey 88% 56 46 174 349 59
New Mexico 67% 128 15 240 315 44
New York 49% 62 53 286 298 33
North Carolina 52% 55 75 301 257 70
North Dakota 100% 86 12 460 584 31
Ohio 77% 55 30 256 183 36
Oklahoma 98% 64 22 292 274 35
Oregon 89% 58 31 373 471 28
Pennsylvania 99% 128 64 277 268 59
Rhode Island 100% 67 46 314 108 89
South Carolina 87% 69 41 385 445 94
South Dakota 92% 75 19 579 935 108
Tennessee 94% 133 63 417 368 65
Texas 93% 73 40 243 318 29
Utah 84% 56 26 615 636 39
Vermont 98% 37 7 137 70 22
Virginia 97% 34 40 296 261 36
Washington 85% 71 52 258 168 34
West Virginia 58% 33 3 45 69 9
Wisconsin 99% 91 44 605 540 76
Wyoming 88% 93 2 559 1,082 30

NA = Crime in the United States 2018 reported no arrest counts for the District of Columbia and Iowa.

Note: In this table the arrest rate is defined as the number of arrests of persons under age 18 for every 100,000 persons ages 10-17. Juvenile arrests (arrests of youth under age 18) reported at the State level in Crime in the United States cannot be disaggregated into more detailed age categories so that the arrests of persons under age 10 can be excluded in the rate calculation.

    Notes: Arrest rates for jurisdictions with less than complete reporting may not be representative of the entire state. Although juvenile arrest rates may largely reflect juvenile behavior, many other factors can affect the magnitude of these rates. Arrest rates are calculated by dividing the number of youth arrests made in the year by the number of youth living in the jurisdiction. Therefore, jurisdictions that arrest a relatively large number of nonresident juveniles would have a higher arrest rate than jurisdictions where resident youth behave similarly. Jurisdictions (especially small ones) that are vacation destinations or that are centers for economic activity in a region may have arrest rates that reflect the behavior of nonresident youth more than that of resident youth. Other factors that influence arrest rates in a given area include the attitudes of citizens toward crime, the policies of local law enforcement agencies, and the policies of other components of the justice system. In many areas, not all law enforcement agencies report their arrest data to the FBI. Rates for such areas are necessarily based on partial information and may not be accurate. Comparisons of juvenile arrest rates across jurisdictions can be informative. Because of factors noted, however, comparisons should be made with caution.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/crime/qa05103.asp?qaDate=2018. Released on October 31, 2019.

Data Source: Adapted from the FBI's 2018 Crime in the United States Report [Tables 5 and 69].