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Juvenile Arrests
Q: How do juvenile arrest rates vary by State?
A: State variations in juvenile arrest rates may reflect differences in juvenile law-violating behavior, police behavior, and/or community standards; therefore, comparisons should be made with caution.

Juvenile arrest rates by State, 2019

State Reporting
Coverage
Aggravated
assault
Robbery Larceny
theft
Drug
abuse
Weapons
United States 77% 83 53 270 234 49
Alabama 2% 12 23 785 104 35
Alaska 94% 158 33 205 216 25
Arizona 77% 127 51 343 512 50
Arkansas 88% 113 28 387 292 39
California 97% 94 72 74 63 67
Colorado 85% 92 51 466 388 68
Connecticut 100% 34 41 270 162 43
Delaware 100% 210 116 352 278 64
District of Columbia 0% NA NA NA NA NA
Florida 100% 89 65 347 202 45
Georgia 22% 62 33 302 231 56
Hawaii 81% 31 59 240 265 15
Idaho 98% 65 7 342 467 49
Illinois 1% 140 180 334 822 160
Indiana 40% 73 20 241 270 42
Iowa 82% 143 26 500 327 45
Kansas 55% 84 19 240 352 30
Kentucky 97% 34 30 158 91 23
Louisiana 75% 188 47 453 253 106
Maine 100% 20 7 352 240 6
Maryland 100% 122 198 443 304 103
Massachusetts 86% 70 16 73 21 18
Michigan 96% 67 23 208 42 31
Minnesota 96% 72 70 560 249 55
Mississippi 42% 42 29 292 158 60
Missouri 63% 107 52 342 335 36
Montana 88% 178 4 588 356 18
Nebraska 91% 32 67 807 573 59
Nevada 96% 212 84 295 591 93
New Hampshire 94% 31 10 170 291 3
New Jersey 100% 57 52 176 332 68
New Mexico 65% 108 17 142 303 49
New York 51% 54 49 254 166 26
North Carolina 69% 44 54 253 192 51
North Dakota 100% 68 9 565 444 29
Ohio 79% 60 40 275 147 35
Oklahoma 99% 62 25 239 241 40
Oregon 88% 80 35 355 378 21
Pennsylvania 25% 144 49 278 223 50
Rhode Island 100% 57 26 239 118 95
South Carolina 84% 73 37 323 318 90
South Dakota 92% 100 15 471 860 122
Tennessee 95% 119 70 362 331 66
Texas 90% 85 48 227 282 25
Utah 89% 48 16 533 520 46
Vermont 100% 48 11 143 50 32
Virginia 96% 39 39 287 230 34
Washington 93% 62 60 192 124 33
West Virginia 53% 18 3 21 60 2
Wisconsin 94% 91 42 545 489 77
Wyoming 88% 66 0 446 901 22

NA = Crime in the United States 2019 reported no arrest counts for the District of Columbia and Iowa.

Note: In this table the arrest rate is defined as the number of arrests of persons under age 18 for every 100,000 persons ages 10-17. Juvenile arrests (arrests of youth under age 18) reported at the State level in Crime in the United States cannot be disaggregated into more detailed age categories so that the arrests of persons under age 10 can be excluded in the rate calculation.

    Notes: Arrest rates for jurisdictions with less than complete reporting may not be representative of the entire state. Although juvenile arrest rates may largely reflect juvenile behavior, many other factors can affect the magnitude of these rates. Arrest rates are calculated by dividing the number of youth arrests made in the year by the number of youth living in the jurisdiction. Therefore, jurisdictions that arrest a relatively large number of nonresident juveniles would have a higher arrest rate than jurisdictions where resident youth behave similarly. Jurisdictions (especially small ones) that are vacation destinations or that are centers for economic activity in a region may have arrest rates that reflect the behavior of nonresident youth more than that of resident youth. Other factors that influence arrest rates in a given area include the attitudes of citizens toward crime, the policies of local law enforcement agencies, and the policies of other components of the justice system. In many areas, not all law enforcement agencies report their arrest data to the FBI. Rates for such areas are necessarily based on partial information and may not be accurate. Comparisons of juvenile arrest rates across jurisdictions can be informative. Because of factors noted, however, comparisons should be made with caution.

Internet citation: OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book. Online. Available: https://www.ojjdp.gov/ojstatbb/crime/qa05103.asp?qaDate=2019. Released on November 16, 2020.

Data Source: Adapted from the FBI's 2019 Crime in the United States Report [Tables 5 and 69].